UNDERSTANDING FISH SENSES TO INCREASE FISHING SUCCESS
Fish use their senses to know what’s happening in the environment. Understanding fish senses can increase the rate of your fishing success. The more you understand your target species, the better your chances are of catching a fish.
Learn more about fish senses to improve your fishing scorecards.
SENSE OF SIGHT
Fish have perfectly round lenses allowing them to see underwater, but they have to move to different depths and areas to regulate the amount of light entering their eyes. The position of their eyes allows them to see either side at the same time. However, the location of their eyes creates a blind spot in front of their head, behind and straight down.
Fishes can see in colour, but the colours may vary depending on their environment. Always pick the right lure or bait that suits your current fishing condition. There are various colours of lures to suit every water type and mimic the colour and action of every fish’s prey. As you go near your target species, keep a low profile to avoid spooking the fish.
SENSE OF TASTE
Fish have taste buds on their heads and sides of their body. Their taste buds are not just on the lips, but on the roof of their mouth, barbels and gill arches as well. The taste buds with the strongest response are in and around the mouth.
If the fish has picked something through their mouth, their sense of taste is usually triggered. This is when lures that give off chemicals are useful in catching fish. The senses of smell and taste of the fish are provoked resulting in a strong feeding response.
SENSE OF HEARING
Fish have inner ears and are extremely sensitive. They can pick up sound and vibrations even from thousands of yards away.
Some lures cause vibration. The water transmits the sound or vibration then it reverberates the bones of the fish’s head sending signals to their ears.
SENSE OF SMELL
Fish have a far more sensitive sense of smell than humans. They can smell through their nares or what we call nostrils and can detect odours from hundred yards away; even the tiniest scent in the water. It’s one of their ways to locate preys and predators.
However, fish don’t entirely rely on their sense of smell to feed. Their keen sense of smell depends on the strength and direction of the current. Fish can also smell foreign odours produced on a fishing trip, which will often drive them away. Choose natural scent products to get rid of any foreign odours.
The lateral line is a thin canal sensory organ of fish allowing them to sense temperature changes and hear vibrations in the water. It’s located along both sides of the fish’s body from head to tail. The lateral line is the very reason fishes are able to determine the location, speed and size of any objects even in murky or dark water.
In conclusion, to be able to catch a fish you must understand how they are and how each of their senses works. You must be one with the fish to increase your fishing success rate. Think like a fish and catch more of them.
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